Michael's Site

Vivrai ashen ziriset evi vivrai ashen yamenoset - Life without wisdom is life without value

My Conlang

So, this my conscript called Etyantura, so named after the first three letters in it - E (Et), Y (Yan) and T (Tura), used to speak the conlanguage of Mazaiyu. It's a cross between a syllabic alphabet and an abjad and has really been a work in progress for many months but only recently have I been able to come up with the symbols for the letters that I feel represent well the sounds they are. To get an idea of what Etyantura actually looks like, head over to the "Images" section of my site and click on the image of the letter chart - it shows each letter individually.

Here is a link to the International Phonetic Alphabet (I.P.A.) so that you can get an idea of the sounds I have: I.P.A., and also, here is a link to a site called Omnigot that explains the types of languages incase you have no idea what I mean when I say "abjad" and such: Omniglot (it has a large database of other conlangs too, that you can look at if it interests you).  

Etyantura concists of six base-vowels (Sharuzh): a - as in cat, e - as in met, i - as in sit, o - as in dot, u - as in shoe and aa - as in come, and twenty-two base-consonants (Kezanai): b, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, y, z, sh - as in shot, zh - as in measure (I.P.A. is Ӡ), ch - as in loch (I.P.A is χ), vr - this is a quirk of Etyantura (like (ks) or q (kw) is to English, it is just two letters that have amalgamated into one) and th - as in three. In total there are 161 serperate signs (excluding vowel diphthongs) with a vowel carrier (that is treated as a consonant in the way vowels are attatched) that has no sound except for which ever vowel or glide it holds.

These are the Base-Letters in I.P.A. along with their names and the way I represent them when written in English (the vowel carrier is not shown):

Base-Consonants: 

[b] Voiced Bilabial Plosive - Bech - (b)

[d] Voiced Alveolar Plosive - Do - (d)

[f] Voiceless Labiodental Fricative - Faa - (f)

[g] Voiced Velar Plosive - Gii - (g)

[h] Voiceless Glottal Fricative - Honu - (h)

] N/A - Jak - (j)

[k] Voiceless Velar Plosive - Kel - (k)

[l] Voiced Alveolar Lateral approximant - Lom - (l)

[m] Voiced Bilabial Nasal - Mem - (m)

[n] Voiced Alveolar Nasal - Niim - (n)

[p] Voiceless Bilabial Plosive - Pero - (p)

[ɹ] Voiced Alveolar Approximant - Resa - (r)

[s] Voiceless Alveolar Fricative - Su - (s)

[t] Voiceless Alveolar Plosive - Tura - (t)

[v] Voiced Labiodental Fricative - Var - (v)

[j] Voiced Palatal  Approximant - Yan - (y)

[z] Voiced Alveolar Fricative - Zor - (z)

[ʃ] Voiceless Postalveolar Fricative - Shei - (sh)

[ʒ] Voiced Postalveolar Fricative - Zhan - (zh)

[χ] Voiceless Uvular Fricative - Chai - (ch)

[vɹ] N/A - Vrosi - (vr)

[θ] Voiceless Dental Fricative - Thet - (th) 

Base-Vowels:

[æ] Near-open Front Unrounded vowel - Az - (a) - as in cat

[ɛ] Open-mid Front Unrounded vowel - Et - (e) - as in bed

[ɪ] Near-close Near-front Unrounded vowel - Ii - (i) - as in sit

[ɒ] Open Back Rounded vowel - Or - (o) - as in lot

[u] Close Back Rounded vowel - Uv - (u) - as in too

[ʌ] Open Mid-back Unrounded vowel - Aal - (aa) - as in nut  

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Diphthongs - In Etyantura there are six "glides" or vowel diphthongs (they do not have a single symbol of their own - instead, two base letters are written consecutively to make a combined sound, or in the case of vowels; two will occupy a single vowel carrier): 

ai - as in rice

ei - as in may - I.P.A. is e

ii - as in see (in actual fact this is not a diphthong but in the way it is written in Etyantura, it is classed as one) - I.P.A. is i

oe - as in low  

oi - as in toy  

ao - as in how 

Along with five consonant diphthongs: 

A base th followed by a base d - as in there - I.P.A. is ð

A base t followed by a sh - as in char

A base n followed by a base g - as in falling (although ng is not recognised as a proper sound and is not used in any Mazaiyu words, it is acknowledged but considered foreign and only used when quoting a foreign word with it in) - I.P.A. is ŋ

A base v followed by a base n - as in wet (has much the same background as ng, is rarely used but not totally disregarded)

A base ch followed by a base g - I.P.A. is ʁ.    

 

The letter sequence (like a, b, c (etc) is for English) and names of the letters for Etyantura is as follows: Et - E, Yan - Y, Tura - T, Shei - Sh, Var - V, Niim - N Zor - Z, Bech - B, Resa - R, Uv - U, Chai - Ch, Mem - M, Az - A, Vrosi - Vr, Jak - J, Or - O, Zhan - Zh, Su - S, Pero - P, Gii - G, Do - D, Aal - Aa, Thet - Th, Honu - H, Fa - F, Lom - L, Kel - K, Ii - I.

 

The Rakainaal - Hand's Law or Rules of Hand (Rakai means 'law' or 'rule' and naa means 'hand' (the l suffix represents ownership - the hand has ownership of the law)) are the grammatical rules and punctuation for the Mazaiyu language:         

Etyantura has an ‘SOV’ format. This means that the way sentences are said, you say the Subject first, the Object second and the Verb last. So for instance: ‘You carry the sword.’ In English is SVO format (Subject, verb, object) and in Etyantura it would be ‘Sho sa nejak thriim.’ or in other words “You the sword carry.” - this is a Neutral Statement - saying how something is; in this case person A is telling person B that B is carrying a sword (this is a pointless sentence really but exemplifies the system well) - I say this as it could have been a request or command - if it had been, you would add a suffix to the verb - which nicely introduces the next subject...

 

Suffixes:

Plural - zh or ji (depending on the word) if the word ends in a vowel, ai if the word ends in a consonant. Negative Plural - eba if the word ends in a vowel or consonant. 

Ownership - l if the word ends in a vowel, ev or aav (depending on the word) if the word ends in a consonant.

Tense: Past tense - oe or iim (depending on the word) if the word ends in a consonant, shu if the word ends in a vowel. Yesterday - adu if the word ends in a consonant, thd if the word ends in a vowel. Present Tense/Today - oi if consonant and kom if vowel. Tomorrow - adi if the word ends in a consonant, kun if the word ends in a vowel. Future Tense - ez or uz (depending on the word) if the word ends in a consonant, s if the word ends in a vowel.

Magnitude - lesser: tol, greater: tai

“Adjectivation” (turns a word into an adjective (as in having the quality of ‘being’) - et if the word ends in a consonant, cha if the word ends in a vowel, zin at the start of the phrase (if you “adjectivate” a whole phrase), aos at the end.